Health Obesity A Dead Weight At a score of 206 kgs, Adnan Sami was given a deadline of six months, all puns intended, by his doctor! Diet, exercise and will-power saved his life and helped him lose 107 kgs in the next nine months. If such diligence is displayed by 60% of the present global population who lead an insufficiently active life (physically), the incidence of chronic non-.municable diseases like cardio-vascular disease, type II diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders, and some cancers will be reduced by a great margin. The latest statistical projection by World Health Organisation (WHO) indicates that at least 1 in 3 of the worlds adult population is overweight and 1 in 10 is obese. Additionally more than 2 crore children under age 5 are overweight. In spite of a growing awareness concerning health it is not a well-known fact that the risk of health problems start when someone is only very slightly overweight. Statistics (courtesy WHO) also suggest that overweight and obesity are the fifth leading risk for global death. 65% of the worlds population live in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight. At least 28 lakh adults die each year as a result of being overweight or obese. In addition, overweight and obesity attributes to 44% of the diabetes, 23% of the ischaemic heart disease burden, and 7% to 41% of certain cancer burdens. Gluttony A Lethal Vice As observed by WHO the fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. In other words, most people be.e overweight and obese when they eat more and work less in terms of physical activity. Food rich in fat, salt and sugars but low on vitals, minerals and other micronutrients aggravate the problem to a great extent. In order to find out whether one is overweight or obese, a simple mathematical exercise is sufficient: A person having a BMI greater than or equal to 25 is overweight, while a BMI greater than or equal to 30 indicates obesity. BMI is the most useful calculator when it .es to measuring obesity as it is the same for both sexes and for all ages of adults. A high BMI is a major risk factor for non-.municable diseases like CVDs (mainly heart disease and stroke), type II diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders (especially osteoarthritis which is a highly disabling degenerative disease of the joints) and some cancers (endometrial, breast, colon). Obese children are more likely to remain obese as adults with an increased risk of premature death and disability. Also, in addition to increased future risks, obese children experience breathing difficulties, increased risk of fractures, hypertension, early markers of heart disease, insulin resistance (causing type II diabetes) and psychological effects. Are you ready to change? Darwins theory of evolution suggests the survival of the fittest in the struggle for existence. The statement stands true as far as the problem of obesity is concerned. Even though overweight and obesity, as well as the related non-.municable diseases are largely preventable, what really counts is your willingness to change the unsustainable lifestyle and unhealthy habits which primarily contribute to the sad predicament. Only a changed attitude and mindset can help you get a firm grip over the reins of life. The rest is a matter of mere application in detail. However, self realisation dawns only when one is faced with a crisis of severe proportions. Taking the example of the famous singer Adnan Sami once again, only when he was threatened with dire consequences did he make a decisive choice to change. But everyone does not need to go through the same traumatic experiences. If only you are prepared to accept the truth, a timely health checkup can save you and your near ones from imminent disasters. In this age of knowledge and information a clear and precise understanding of your health status can be the only insurance against all future tragedies. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: